A Publons Score gives a quick insight into how the experts (the Publons community of expert reviewers) rate a manuscript. It is not intended to replace peer review but is an evaluation of the final submission or published paper. Each Publons account may score a paper only once.
Scoring is always completely anonymous and scores are not displayed until the manuscript has been published.
Scores help with comparing and filtering published articles giving a more meaningful indicator of an article's quality than indirect metrics, such as a Journal's Impact Factor.
The Score is generated by selecting a number from 1-10 in two fields, these fields are "Quality" and "Significance" where "Quality" is intended to be a measure of the paper's methodology and rigor, while "Significance" is intended to denote novelty as well as relevance to its field and journal.